A few New Mexico passerine birds: Families P

Passeriformes is an order with a variety of birds in many families. I had to split the Passeriformes page into four: Families A-FFamilies H-M, Families P (this page), and Families R-V.


Hover over a series of photos with your mouse to control the images. If you find an ID or link error, please contact me!


Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice)


Juniper Titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi)

Mostly a small, plain gray bird, but with a signature crest.


Black-Capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Down in the Rio Grande Bosque, looked for black-capped chickadees with their solid black from the eye up. Up in the Sandias, look for the mountain chickadees with their black eye stripe sandwiched between two areas of white.


Mountain Chickadee (Poecile gambeli)


Parulidae (New World Warblers)


If  you start looking at birds, sooner or later you'll discover what a challenge warblers are. Think of it as one of those "what doesn't kill you makes you stronger" situations. At least that's what I keep telling myself.


Wilson's Warbler (Cardellina pusilla)

In early September I encountered a flock of at least ten yellow warblers, some with black caps, in a patch of seepwillow. Perhaps they were there for the seepwillow seeds, but I didn't see any of them eating. Instead they kept flitting about, always moving away from me. With such constant motion, they were tricky birds to photograph. Wilson's warblers spend the summer in Canada or in the far corner of the Pacific Northwest; they spend the winter Mexico and Central America. We get to see them in Albuquerque as they pass through on their way north or south.


MacGillivray's Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)

Look for the gray head, yellow body (grayer above), and prominent upper and lower partial eye rings.


Orange-Crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata)

According to the various guides, don't look for the orange crown to ID this one; usually that feature isn't visible. Instead, in the West, start by looking for a yellow bird with a fairly uniform back and a short, narrow beak. Nonetheless, you can see a slightly more orange cap on this warbler in two of my pictures.


Lucy's Warbler (Leiothlypis luciae)

Very gray warblers, these. I know that one is a male because in the photo I can just barely see the rust color on the crown and rump.


Yellow-Rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

Yellow-rumped warblers include two forms. The Audubon's has a yellow chin. The Myrtle has a pale chin. As my photos show, both forms occur in the Albuquerque area. Once you can ID them, they're surprisingly common.


Look for discontinuous patches of yellow, including at under each wing. The bright yellow rump is a great clue if you see it—but as the image to the left shows, if the wings are clapped shut over the rump you're out of luck.



Here's an example of the yellow rump peeking through. To see a larger version, on Pinterest, click on the photo. By the way, when using my eyeballs I've never seen yellow on the crowns of females, even though guidebooks show that feature. Instead I've seen it (sometimes) when I look at my photos.




Many birds have crests that are raised only sometimes. Here's a male yellow-rumped warbler raising his.


Grace's Warbler (Setophaga graciae)


Black-Throated Gray Warbler (Setophaga nigrescens)

So far, just one grainy photo of this bird. The clincher on the species is is the tiny yellow spots near the beak.


American Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)


Passerellidae (American Sparrows)



Rufous-Crowned Sparrow (Aimophila ruficeps)


Black-Throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata

Black-throated sparrows are very common in the open space at the western base of the Sandias.


Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

My initial photos of this species aren't very good, but the bird itself is distinctive, thanks to its crescentic facial patterning. When the bird looked straight at me, as in the thumbnail to the left, I was reminded of a Mexican wrestler's mask.


Dark-eyed Junco, red-backed form (Junco hyemalis caniceps)

The Gray-Headed subspecies of dark-eyed juncos includes gray sides and wings and a contrasting rufous back. They also have a dark mask extending from the beak back to the eyes, and an all-pink bill—but those two features may be harder to spot if the light isn't right. For all juncos, look for white outer tail feathers while the bird is flying.


Dark-eyed Junco, slate-colored form (Junco hyemalis hyemalis)


Dark-eyed Junco, pink-sided form (Junco hyemalis mearnsi)

The Pink-Sided subspecies of junco resembles females of the Oregon subspecies, but has a prominent dark "mask" extending from the beak past the eyes. To me the sides look rufous rather than pink.


Dark-eyed Junco, Oregon form (Junco hyemalis oreganus)

The Oregon variant of the Dark-Eyed Junco is found across much of the western U.S., including in Albuquerque. It has a hood, a brown back, and a buff patch on each side. The male's hood is dark gray while the female/immature's is light gray. I found a pair ground-feeding in the Sandia foothills on New Year's Day 2018. 


Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

At first I thought this backyard visitor was a Song Sparrow, but note how the streaky sides are buff rather than light gray. Lincoln's Sparrow was named after Thomas Lincoln, a friend of John James Audubon, not after the U.S. president.


Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Look for coarse streaks on the breast. If you get a head-on view, look for streaks converging to form a central splotch.


Canyon Towhee (Melozone fusca)

Look for a bird that's a little larger than a sparrow and has reddish areas on top of its head and at its butt.


Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Hard to tell from my distant photos, but one marker of this species is the yellow extending from the upper beak back and over the eyes.


Green-Tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus)

All of my August 2020 photos are of the same bird, in "first winter" plumage (called that even in August). The mottled juvenile body plumage has given way to an adult's mostly bland body colors, but the adult white throat is present and and the rusty crest is on its way in. The green-yellow plumage that gives this bird its name never dominates the plumage scheme. Once this bird flew into brush to escape my camera, it issued a characteristic catlike mew.


I had to wait until April 2021 to see my next Green-Tailed Towhee, this time a full adult. One morning its crest was up, the next time the crest was down.


Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)

This bird was formerly classified as a rufous-sided towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus), along with the bird now known as the eastern towhee. The second part of the former Latin name means "red-eyed," an attribute that is obvious here. (Maculatus means "spotted.") When learning this bird, be sure to compare it to black-headed grosbeaks.


Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

To me, this sparrow's common name is apt: its call sounds like a single slender branch being fed into a wood chipper.


American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

My ID of this sparrow is based on the un-streaked breast, the eyeline being the same rusty color as the cap, and on the two-colored beak. I'd feel better about my ID if I could see a dark spot in the middle of the breast, but apparently not all American Tree Sparrows show that trait.


White-Throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

When I saw this sparrow with its black and white head stripes, I immediately thought "white-crowned sparrow" (the next bird on this page). However, white-crowned sparrows don't have yellow extending from their beaks back over their eyes, or a patterned black and white throat.


White-Crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys), Western Taiga variant

Given their black and white head stripes, mature White-Crowned Sparrows are easy to identify. The immature ones are trickier, but my photos of immature birds should help. All of my photos are of birds with pale lores (the spaces between the upper beaks and the eyes), so these are the Western Taiga (Gambel's) variant. In the Albuquerque area, white-crowned sparrows are common in more natural habitats while house sparrows dominate in artificial habitats including residential neighborhoods.



Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)


House (or English) Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

These are the descendants of immigrants, but so am I. Along with House Finches, they're the most common birds in my neighborhood.

Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers)


Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

An elusive little bird, but gregarious and talkative.

To continue to the next set of Passerine birds, click here.