Other New Mexico Insects


This is my page for groups of insects that don't warrant their own page (at least not yet). Insects are shown alphabetically within taxonomic level. If you see an error, please let me know via the contact tab at the top of the page.

Diptera (True Flies)


Cecidomyiidae: Gall Midge (Asphondylia)

Asphondylia, gall midge, New Mexico
Galls on Four-Wing Saltbush, Sandia Mountains, september 2020


Cecidomyiidae: Wooly Bud Gall Midge (Rhopalomyia medusirrasa)

Wooly Bud Gall Midge, Rhopalomyia medusirrasa, Wormwood, Artermisia, New Mexico
Sandia Mountains west foothills, November 2020

These galls are on a species that I have tentatively identified as Artemisia dracunculus. You can see those plants earlier in the growing season by visiting my page on the Aster family and scrolling down. Littlefield and Burns show two images of these galls in the lower right corner of their page on A. dracunculus but don't explain what they are.


Syrphidae: Hoverfly (Eristalis)


Syrphidae: American Hoverfly (Eupeodes americanus)

American Hoverfly, Eupeodes americanus, New Mexico
On Maximilian Sunflower, Albuquerque, October 2020


Syrphidae: Hoverfly (Paragus haemorrhous)

Paragus haemorrhous, hoverfly, New Mexico
On Horsetail Milkweed, Albuquerque, August 2020

The long, thin abdomen on this hoverfly, compared to many other fly species, makes it look just a bit like a wasp.


Tachinidae: bee-like Tachinid Fly (Hystricia?)

My photos show some tachinid flies with yellow abdomens, others with red ones. No idea what the difference indicates.


Ulidiidae: Picture-Winged Fly (Chaetopsis)

Picture-Winged Fly, Chaetopsis, New Mexico
Rio Grande Bosque, Albuquerque, August 2020

At first glance this looked like a bee. But not only does it have a fly head, the black and yellow stripes are on the wings not the abdomen.

Hemiptera (True Bugs)


Aphididae: Oleander Aphid (Aphis nerii)

All three photos show Oleander Aphids on Horsetail Milkweed. You can see more of that wildflower on a separate page. Oleander Aphid females produce new young female aphids, no males required. In other words, all of the aphids shown in these pictures are females.


Aphididae: Mealy Plum Aphid, Hyalopterus pruni

The following summary is based on this web page. Hyalopterus pruni spends its winters on species of Prunus (including plum and apricot trees) and its summer on reeds, preferably the Common Reed. The aphids are usually green but can also be a dull red. In the spring, the eggs hatch on the host trees. In the summer some of the aphids grow wings and fly off to find reeds. Late in the summer, some aphids on reeds grow wings and seek out trees where they can lay eggs. The new eggs hatch the following spring. As part of this cycle, the aphids molt and leave behind their former exoskeletons. Those are the small white things you can see in my photos.


While this aphid is not usually considered to be a species attended by ants, the web page I mentions offers photographs of such behavior. As do my photographs.


Berytidae: Stilt Bug (Jalysus?)

Stilt bugs have long, slender legs, along with long antennae with slightly club-shaped endings. I found these ones hanging out on Linda Tarde flower spikes. Stilt bugs in the genus Jalysus feed on Evening Primrose Family members, so the examples shown here are probably of that genus.


Cicadidae: Cicadas

There are multiple species of cicada in New Mexico, in more than one genus. My photos show an example of what people usually find: the empty exoskeleton of a cicada nymph. The adult emerges from a slit in the back. In the second image, showing the slit, the branch has been bent back to provide a view of the slit. The first image, with the nymph upside down, shows the nymph exoskeleton in the position in which I found it.


Dactylopiidae: Cochineal Bug (Dactylopius)

If you notice small white puffy areas on the surfaces of prickly pear pads, you're looking at female cochineal bugs and their nymphs. To be more exact, you're looking at the protective covering those bugs create. In prehistoric southern Mexico, cochineal bugs were raised on groves of prickly pears and harvested to produce a vivid red dye. If you pinch one of the fuzzy patches between your thumb and forefinger, you'll see the dye source (carminic acid) for yourself. Today, cochineal bugs are a source of natural red food coloring, so you may have ingested some cochineal bug juice at some point.


Largidae: Bordered Plant Bug (Largus)

Bordered plant bug, Largus, New Mexico
Milne-Gutierrez Canyon Open Space, March 2021


Lygaeidae: Small Milkweed Bug (Lygaeus kalmii)

Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii, Nw Mexico
On Horsetail Milkweed, Albuquerque, August 2020


Pentatomidae: Stink Bugs

Pentatomidae, green stink bug, New Mexico
Rio Grande Bosque, Albuquerque, August 2020

While this individual resembles the Green Stink Bug, Chinavia hilaris, the coloration doesn't seem quite right to me.


Reduviidae: Pale Green Assassin Bug (Zelus luridus)

Pale Green Assassin Bug, Zelus luridus, New Mexico
Nymph, Rio Grande Bosque, Albuquerque, August 2020

For a description of this bug's M.O., please read about the Leaf Hopper Assassin Bug immediately below.


Reduviidae: Leaf Hopper Assassin Bug (Zelus renardii)

In these images, the head deserves a closer look. The upper part is the main part of the head, but the lower part is a folded-back stylet (hollow dagger). There's a small vertical gap between the two. Assassin bugs unfold the stylet and plunge it into a victim, inject digestive fluids, and do a Vactor on the victim's innards. A well named group of bugs, but one that does in countless harmful insects each year. 


I found the adult working over a patch of Emory's Baccharis. The nymph was on a Russian Olive.


Rhopalidae: Scentless Plant Bugs (Harmostes)


Rhopalidae: Boxelder Bug (Boisea trivittata)

Boxelder bug, Boisea trivittata, New Mexico
On Box Elder leaf, September 2020

Hymenoptera (Bees and Related Insects)


Apidae: European Honeybee (Apis mellifera)


Apidae: Bumblebee (Bombus)


Apidae: Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa)

Carpenter bees, which look like all-black bumblebees, are the insect that led me to start web pages for insects other than butterflies and moths. In April 2020 I found a carpenter bee dead on the sidewalk not far from my home. It showed no apparent damage. In October 2020 I found a second dead carpenter bee sitting on a rose of Sharon. I suspect that both fell victim to back yard chemical warfare. 


In August 2020 I did a brief blog on a carpenter bee I saw engaging in nectar robbing. One of the photos included here shows that same behavior.


Carpenter bees look scary but the males lack stingers and the females only sting if they feel attacked. I have a carpenter bee "house" in my yard, and it's been used repeatedly. Consider adding a carpenter bee house to your yard!


Cynipidae, Gall Wasps: Andricus?

Gall wasp, Andricus, New Mexico
On Gray Oak, Sandia Mountains, October 2020

It's common to see these orange-red galls on oaks in the foothills and lower reaches of the Sandia Mountains. When there are multiple galls on the same plant, it looks like the oak has reddish fruit. A close look shows that these galls are attached to leaves not twigs.


Cynipidae, Gall Wasps: Disholcapis?

When this twig gall is live, it produces a sugary substance much desired by wood ants (genus Formica). In return, the ants may scare off would-be predators of the wasp larva within.


Eulophidae? Gall wasps

Eulophidae, gall wasp, Atriplex canescens, New Mexico
Gall on Four-Wing Saltbush, Albuquerque, September 2020


Halictidae: Green Metallic Sweat Bee (Agapostemon)

Agapostemon, Verbena macdougalii, New Mexico
On Spike or New Mexico Vervain, Sandia Mountains, June 2020


Pompilidae: Spider Wasp

Pompilidae, Spider Wasp, New Mexico
On Mountain Parsley, Sandia Mountains, July 2020

Spider Wasps paralyze spiders to serve as food for their larvae. Despite this ferocious approach to child-rearing, adult Spider Wasps are vegans, living off nectar.


Pompilidae: Tarantula Hawk (Pepsis)

Tarantula Hawk, Pepsis, New Mexico
Albuquerque, August 2020

Tarantula Hawk wasps include two genera, Pepsis and Hemipepsis. I'm putting this one in the former based on the blue sheen. In 1989 one species of Tarantula Hawk, P. formosa (now known as P. grossa), became the New Mexico state insect.


Siricidae: Banded Horntail (Urocerus gigas)

At first, this Banded Horntail looked like an especially large, especially nasty wasp. However, it sat docilely on a freshly felled tree as I approached with my camera. The yellow "stinger" is an ovipositor.


Sphecidae: Prionyx


Vespidae: Potter Wasp (Eumeninae)

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers and Similar Insects)


Acrididae: Wrangler Grasshopper (Circotettix rabula)

Wrangler Grasshopper, Circotettix rabula, New Mexico
Ellis Trail (fire break), upper Sandia Mountains, June 2020

According to the Field Guide to the Sandia Mountains, "The Wrangler grasshopper ... attracts attention on warm summer days because the males perform mating flights where they hover above the ground making loud snapping and cracking sounds." That's how this grasshopper got our attention. The Field Guide goes on to state, "These grasshoppers prefer high-elevation open rocky areas," which characterizes much of the Ellis Trail.


Acrididae: Carolina Grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

Carolina Grasshopper, Dissosteira carolina, New Mexico
Rio Grande Bosque, Albuquerque, August 2020

I first saw this grasshopper on the fly, and its dark wing patches gave away the ID. 


Acrididae: Differential Grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis)

Differential Grasshopper, Melanoplus differentialis, New Mexico
Rio Grande Bosque, Albuquerque, October 2020


Acrididae: Mischievous Bird Grasshopper (Schistocerca damnifica)

Mischievous Bird Grasshopper, Schistocerca damnifica, New Mexico
Albuquerque, July 2020

My tentative identification of the species for this grasshopper relies heavily on the uniform coloration.


Tettigoniidae: Katydid nymph

Tettigoniidae, Katydid nymph
Albuquerque, August 2020

When I took this picture I thought it was of an assassin bug. Looking at the robust upper hind legs and delicate forelegs, among other things, I'm identifying it as a young katydid nymph. Some species in the family have evolved to mimic assassin bugs when a young nymph, and this seems to be one of those cases. No idea which species (there are more than 6,400 worldwide) or even which genus.


Tettigoniidae: Two-Lined Shieldback (Eremopedes bilineatus)

Two-Lined Shieldback Katydid, Eremopedes bilineatus, New Mexico
Male on dead thistle, west foothills of the Sandia Mountains, August 2020

The two short brown "horns" at the end of the abdomen mark this katydid as a male. The abdomens of the females have long pointy extensions.


Tettigoniidae: Angle-Wing Katydid (Microcentrum)

Angle-Wing Katydid, Microcentrum, New Mexico
Albuquerque, July 2020

I found this katydid dying on my front porch one morning. It was lying in a 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide grout channel, which provides a scale.